Cookies

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Otherwise, we'll assume you're OK to continue.

Durham University

Department of Biosciences

Profile

Publication details for Dr Gary Sharples

Joubert, Fanny, Yeo, R. Paul, Sharples, Gary J., Musa, Osama M., Hodgson, David R. W. & Cameron, Neil R. (2015). Preparation of an antibacterial poly(ionic liquid) graft copolymer of hydroxyethyl cellulose. Biomacromolecules 16(12): 3970-3979.

Author(s) from Durham

Abstract

Poly(ionic liquid)s (P(IL)s) of different degrees of polymerisation (10, 50 and 100) were prepared via RAFT polymerisation using an alkyne-terminated xanthate as transfer agent, with a monomer conversion of up to ~80% and a ƉM of 1.5 for P(IL)100. Subsequently, P(IL) chains were coupled to 15N-labelled azido-functionalized HEC, forming graft copolymers of HEC with different chain length and graft densities which were characterised using (13C and 15N) CP-MAS NMR and FT-IR spectroscopies. The antibacterial activities of HEC-g-P(IL)s were tested against E. coli and S. aureus and were comparable to ampicillin, a well-known antibiotic, demonstrating efficient activity of the graft copolymers against bacteria. Moreover, HEC-g-P(IL)s were slightly more effective against E. coli than S. aureus. A decrease in graft density of P(IL)10 on the HEC backbone decreased the activity of the graft copolymers against both bacteria. These findings suggest that HEC-g-P(IL) could find applications as an antiseptic compound, for example in paint formulation.