Born, Wrexham, 21 April, 1944.
Exhibitioner, Clare College Cambridge, 1961.
B.A. Cambridge, 1964; M.A., Ph.D. Cambridge, 1970.
Lecturer in Economic History at Durham, 1966-85; Lecturer in History, 1985-6; Senior Lecturer in History, 1986-94; Reader in History, 1994-7; Professor of History, 1997-2003; Emeritus Professor, October 2003- present.
Married Jennifer Beard, 1973 (deceased, 2011). Two sons, John (b. 1976) and David (b. 1978).
Fellow of the Royal Historical Society, 1988.
Fellow of the British Academy, 2005.
Treasurer, Durham Medieval Theatre Company (previously Durham Medieval Drama Group), 1976-present.
Treasurer, Durham Shakespeare Group, 1991-present.
Joint-Editor of the Surtees Society (with Dr Margaret Harvey), 1999-present.
Final Honours Courses devised and taught by lectures, seminars and tutorials:
Problems in Invention and Business Activity (1966-75)
Capital Formation and Technological Change (1975-81)
Western European Economy, 1050-1450 (1975-86)
Scottish Economy and Society in the Eighteenth Century (1975-91)
Industrialisation in Europe (1981-85)
Italian Towns and Trade, 1260-1453 (1986-97)
Cardinal Wolsey (1992-2002)
Italy in the Age of Dante (1997-9)
English Medieval Towns (1997-2002)
Italy in the Age of Marco Polo (2001-2)
Final Honours Courses shared:
The Economic History of Early Modern Europe, tutorials (c.1975-80)
The Economic History of the United States, 5 lectures (c.1980-5)
English History, 1066-1377, tutorials and 12 lectures (1985-97)
British History, 1066-1377, tutorials and 4 lectures (1997-2002)
English History, 1377-1547, tutorials and 16 lectures (1987-97)
English History, 1377-1547, seminars and 8 lectures (1997-2002)
Preliminary Honours Courses shared:
Industrial Britain, Origins and Development, tutorials and 8 lectures (1966-87)
Approaches to Modern History, one unit of 12 lectures (1991-5)
M.A. taught course taught by seminars:
English History, 1470-1529 (1991-2002)
English Society after the Black Death (1998-2002)
Secretary of the Board of Studies in Economic History, 1974-85
Economic History Department Adviser to General Students, 1975-9, 1983-5
Departmental Representative on Social Sciences Faculty, 1975-7, 1981-4
Representative of Social Sciences Faculty on Faculty of Education, 1982-4, 1987-8
Member of Social Sciences Higher Degrees Committee, 1973-85
Member of Steering Committee for Part-Time Certificate in Social Sciences 1983-4
Academic Electoral Assembly representative on Senate, 1979-82
Vice Chairman of S.L.A.C., 1979-83
Vice Chairman of S.O.S.L.A.C., 1983-5
S.L.A.C./S.O.S.L.A.C. Representative on Curators/Library Committee, 1979-85
Tutor in Van Mildert College, 1967-70
Tutor in St Cuthbert’s Society, 1973-83
Treasurer of Durham University Southern African Students’ Education Fund, 1967-83
Treasurer of Durham Medieval Drama Group, 1976-present
Secretary and Treasurer of Durham Medieval Group, 1979-88
Chairman of Examiners in History, 1989-92
Member of Faculty of Social Sciences Validation Committee, 1990-2
Member of Faculty of Social Sciences Higher Degrees Committee, 1989-92
Member of Faculty of Social Sciences Regulations Committee, 1989-92
Director of M.A. in Historical Research, 1992-3
Chairman of History Department Research Committee, 1992-6
Member of History Department Research Committee, 1996-9
Director of Social Sciences Faculty Postgraduate Training Programme, 1997-9
Member of Graduate School Committee, 1997-9
Member of Social Sciences Higher Degrees Advisory Group, 1997-9
Chairman of Examiners for the M.A. in Medieval History, 2000-1
Chairman, University of Durham Centre for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2001-3
POSTGRADUATE RESEARCH DISSERTATIONS SUPERVISED
Mark E. Arvanigian, The Nevilles and the political establishment in north-eastern England, 1377-1413 (Durham, 1999)
Miranda Threlfall-Holmes, Monks and markets: Durham Cathedral Priory, 1460-1520 (Durham, 2000)
Ben Dodds, Tithe and agrarian output between the Tyne and the Tees, 1350-1450 (Durham, 2002)
(with Professor A.J. Pollard, University of Teesside) Brian Barker, The Claxtons: a north-eastern gentry family in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries (Teesside, 2003)
(with Professor A.J. Pollard, University of Teesside) Claire Etty, Tudor revolution? royal control of the Anglo-Scottish border, 1483-1530 (Durham, 2005)
Alistair G. Woolley, The estate of the bishop of Durham in Durham city in the fifteenth century (1991)
Miranda Threlfall-Holmes, Provisioning a medieval monastery : Durham Cathedral Priory’s purchases of imported goods, 1464-1520 (1997)
Peter L. Larson, Lordship and township in Durham, 1388-1406 (2000)
EXAMINING FOR HIGHER DEGREES
D. Phil degrees examined;
Margaret Yates (Oxford), 1997
Ph.D degrees examined:
Mark Bailey (Cambridge), 1986
Sarah Rees-Jones (York), 1987
Simon Penn (Birmingham), 1989
Jennifer Kermode (Sheffield), 1990
Ruth Ingamells (Durham), 1992
Anne Sutton (London), 1995
David Stone (Cambridge), 1999
David Dymond (Cambridge), 2000
Ruth Blakely (Durham), 2000
John Lee (Cambridge), 2001
James Davis (Cambridge), 2001
Andy King (Durham), 2002
Louise Wheatley (York), 2008
Elizabeth Allan (Leicester), 2011
Gerald Liu (Durham), 2012
Alex Brown (Durham), 2012
M.Phil degrees examined:
Frederick Taylor (Birmingham), 1997
Brian Taylor (London, Queen Mary College), 1999
M.A. degrees examined:
External Examiner for M.A. in Medieval Studies, York, 1992-4
External Examiner for Part-Time M.A. in History, Leicester, 1996-9
Typescripts and synopses read for Boydell and Brewer, Cambridge University Press, Manchester University Press, Oxford University Press.
Typescript articles read for Agricultural History Review, Economic History Review, Essex Archaeology and History, European Review of Economic History, Journal of Early Modern History, Journal of Economic History, Journal of Historical Geography, Journal of Medieval History, Midland History, Speculum, Urban History.
Research project submissions evaluated for the E.S.R.C., Leverhulme Trust and the Wellcome Institute.
Advisor to Feeding the City I (directed D. Keene and B.M.S. Campbell, funded by the Leverhulme Trust), 1988-91.
Advisor to Feeding the City II (directed D. Keene, B.M.S. Campbell, J.A. Galloway, M. Murphy, funded by the E.S.R.C.), based at the Institute of Historical Research, 1991-4.
Adsvisor to Market Networks and the Metropolis (directed D. Keene, J. Galloway and M. Murphy, funded by the Leverhulme Trust), based at the Institute of Historical Research, 1994- 7
Member of Winchester Pipe Rolls Project Steering Group, 1995- present
Advisor to Markets and Fairs in Thirteenth-Century England (directed D. Keene, S. Letters, funded by the E.S.R.C.), based at the Institute of Historical Research, 2000-present
E.S.R.C. funding October 1991-4 for £55,630 (jointly with Prof. A.J. Pollard) for research into the Social and Economic History of Northallerton, 1470-1540 (R000233084).
E.S.R.C. funding, 30 September 1996-29 September 1999 for £98,806 (jointly with Prof. P.D.A. Harvey) for research into the Peasant Land Market in Southern England, 1250-1350 (R000236499).
Leverhulme Trust funding, August 1996-9 for £64,920 (jointly with Prof. A.J. Pollard and Dr. C.M. Newman) for research into Employees of Durham Priory, 1494-1519.
E.S.R.C. funding, from December 1997 to November 1999 for £75,160 (jointly with Dr. D.J. Keene, Dr. J.A. Galloway and Dr. J.M. Cooper) for research into Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to A.D. 1450 (R000237395).
Christopherson Fellowship, University of Durham, for 1999-2000.
E.S.R.C. funding, from 1 January, 2000 to 31 December, 2002 for £202,371 (jointly with Professor Brian Roberts) for research into Settlement and Waste in the Palatinate of Durham, 1150-1550 (R000238362)
Leverhulme Trust funding, October 2000-3 for £87,818 (jointly with Professor P.D.A. Harvey) for research into The Transfer of Customary Land on the Estate of the Bishopric of Winchester, 1350-1415 (F/100 128/E)
E.S.R.C. funding, from 1 June 2003 to 31 May 2006 for £137,475 (jointly with Professor R.M. Smith, University of Cambridge, and Dr B. Dodds, University of Durham) for research into tithe income and management in southern England, 1280-1480 (R000230005)
A.H.R.B. funding for additional research-leave, Epiphany term, 2003
Round-table discussion on ‘Manuscript Resources from the Age of Marco Polo’, for the Seventeenth International Congress of Historical Sciences, Madrid, 27 August, 1990
(with Prof. A.J. Pollard) The Fifteenth-Century Colloquium, Durham, 20-22 September, 1993
(with Prof. R.F. Frame and Prof. M.C. Prestwich) Thirteenth Century England, St Aidan’s College, Durham, biennially since 1995
(with Dr J.J. Britnell) Vernacular Literature and Current Affairs: France, England and Scotland, c.1500-1530, Trevelyan College, Durham, Tuesday 8th - Thursday 10th September, 1998
(with Dr M. Page) The Winchester Pipe Rolls, Winchester, 25-27 June, 1999.
(with the AHRB Centre for North East England History) North-East England in the Late Middle Ages, Trevelyan College, Durham, 28 June - 1 July, 2002.
(with Dr B. Dodds and Dr D.J. Stone), Agricultural Output, 1350-1450, College of St Hild and St Bede, Durham, 2-4 September, 2002.
Member of the standing committee for organising papers for the annual Economic History Society Conference, 1997-9.
Local organizer, Economic History Society Annual Conference, Durham, 4-6 April, 2003
(with Prof. Derek Keene), two sessions on Markets before the Modern Era, Leeds International Medieval Congress, Leeds, 14-17 July, 2003
Northern England and Lowland Scotland: Some Common Foundations, Collingwood College, Durham, 9-11 January, 2012
CONFERENCE OR SEMINAR PAPERS AND SPECIAL LECTURES
‘Colchester in the Later Fourteenth Century: the Court Roll Data’, Historical Geography Research Group Seminar on Aspects of the Medieval Economy and Society, Exeter, July, 1983
‘The Food Supply of English Towns in the Thirteenth Century’, Joint Conference of the Agricultural History Society and Historical Geography Research Group, London, September, 1984
‘Public Spirit and the Oligarchic Tradition in Medieval Colchester’, Durham University Medieval Group, October 1984
‘Forestalling the Market, 1250-1320’, Department of English Local History Seminars, Leicester, November 1984.
Court Rolls’, Yorkshire Archaeological Society (Medieval Section) with Leeds
University Department of Adult Education, Leeds,
‘The Concept of Forestalling in English Law’, Conference on Thirteenth-Century England, Newcastle upon Tyne, September 1985
‘Contrasting Economies: England and Northern Italy, 1260-1349’, Durham History Department Staff Seminars, March 1987 (?)
in 1412: The Anatomy of a Medieval Town’, University of Essex, The Local
History Lecture, Wivenhoe,
‘Contrasting Economies: England and Northern Italy, 1260-1349’, Cambridge Medieval Economic History Seminars, 8 May 1987
and Northern Italy in the Early Fourteenth Century: The Economic Contrasts’,
Royal Historical Society,
and Burgesses in Colchester, 1300-1535’, Colchester, Octocentenary Lectures
organised by the Department of History,
Laws, and the Alehouse in Medieval England’, Amiens, Centre d’Etudes
Hierarchy and Economic Specialization: England and Italy in the Early
Fourteenth Century’, University of Birmingham, Conference on New Approaches to
Reaction after the Black Death in the Palatinate of Durham’, Oxford, Medieval
Economic History Seminar, All Souls College,
Trade in England, 1260-1350’, 27th International Congress of Medieval Studies,
Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo,
and Economic Development in England, 1000-1300’, Fourth Anglo- American Seminar
on the Medieval Economy and Society, Leicester,
‘Les marchés hebdomadaires aux Iles Britanniques avant 1200’, Quatorzièmes Journées Internationales d’Histoire, Abbaye de Flaran, 11 Sept. 1992
Early Markets of North-Eastern England’, Day School on Towns of North East
England: Their Origins and Development, Newcastle University Extra-Mural
‘The Black Death in English Towns’, Weekend School on The Black Death, Madingley Hall, Cambridge, 20 March, 1993
and Capitalism in Late Medieval England: Problems in Description and Theory’,
Symposium on Transitions to Rural Capitalism, Oxford Peasant Studies Group, St.
Peter’s College, Oxford,
Trade and the English Merchant Class’, Fifth Conference on Thirteenth-Century England,
Industry and the Transition from Feudalism to Capitalism, 1300-1530’, Queen’s
College History Society, Cambridge,
Commercialisation of English Society’, Cambridge Medieval Economic History
Transition from Feudalism to Capitalism cannot be Dated’: the motion proposed
for a workshop for graduates (‘Controversies in European Economic History’),
University of London, Institute of Historical Research,
and Rules against Monopoly in Medieval English Markets’, Centre for Medieval
Studies, University of York,
‘Price-Setting and Rules against Monopoly in Medieval English Markets’, for the round- table discussion on Market Rules and Social Norms (convenors C. Poni and R. Scazzieri), International Congress of Economic History, Milan, 15 September, 1994
and Travel, 1250-1350’, Yorkshire Archaeological Society Medieval Section,
Friends’ Meeting House, York,
Urban Markets: Utility and Culture’, Pre-Modern Towns Group, Institute of
Historical Research, London,
Urban Markets: Utility and Culture’, Centre for Urban History, University of
‘Occupational Specialisation in the Medieval English Economy’, for a panel on New Developments in Medieval Economic and Social History, Economic History Society Annual Conference, Edinburgh, 1995, 1 April, 1995
Urban Markets: Utility and Culture’, for the session in memory of David L.
Farmer (convenor Prof. J. Langdon), Canadian Historical Association Conference,
Urban Life in York under the Yorkists’, Richard III Society, Eliot College,
Markets in the British Isles before 1200’, The Catholic University of America,
‘Sales from Private Houses in Medieval English Towns’, session on Urban Economy and Society, 31st International Congress on Medieval Studies, Kalamazoo, Michigan, 8-12 May, 1996
‘Regular Markets in the British Isles before 1200’, Oxford Seminars in the Social and Economic History of Britain, 1100-1500, All Souls College, Oxford, 6 June, 1996
‘Economic Change and Government in England and Wales, 1450-1550’, Fifteenth-Century Colloquium, Aberystwyth, 11-13 July, 1996
in North-East England Rural History’, North-East England History Institute
conference on The Pre-Industrial Landscape of North-East England, Durham
Johnston School, Durham,
Trade and Anglo-Norman Colonialism’, Department of Continuing Education,
conference on Anglo-Norman England: Culture, Economy and Settlement, Oxford,
‘The Exercise of Power in English Towns, 1200-1550’, Istituto Internazional di Storia Economica ‘F. Datini’, conference on Poteri economici e poteri politici, secc. xiii-xviii, session on Poteri feudali-signorile e poteri urbani nelle campagne e nelle città, Prato, 28 April, 1998.
‘The Black Death in Durham’, Cleveland and Teesside Local History Society and The University of Teesside Centre for Local Historical Research, conference on Health and Local History, Middlesbrough, 24 April, 1999
‘Specialization of Work in English Medieval Towns’, 34th International Congress on Medieval Studies, Kalamazoo, Michigan, 6-9 May, 1999
Specialisation in Thirteenth-Century England’, University of Cambridge, Faculty
of History, Medieval Economic and Social History Seminar, Corpus Christi
‘Urban Demand in the Late Medieval Economy, 1300-1600’, Institute of Historical Research, Centre for Metropolitan History, Workshop on Trade, Urban Hinterlands and Market Integration c.1300-1600, London, 7 July, 1999
‘Institutional Innovation and Economic Development in Europe, 1100-1300’, University of Cambridge, Faculty of History, Medieval Economic and Social History Seminar, Corpus Christi College, 1 March, 2000.
‘Fields and Moorlands in County Durham before the Black Death’, Agricultural History Society, Spring Conference, Bretton Hall, Leeds, 12 April, 2000.
‘Local Trade, Remote Trade: Institutions, Information and Market Integration, 1270-1330’, Istituto Internazional di Storia Economica ‘F. Datini’, conference on Fiere e mercati nella integrazione delle economie europee, secoli XIII-XVIII, session on Fiere e mercati come fattori d’integrazione economica, Prato, 19 May, 2000.
Durham and the Sea, 1100-1500’, an inaugural lecture, Durham University,
‘Urban and Rural Elites in England’, Workshop on Urban and Rural Elites, University of Ghent, 24 November, 2000.
‘The Implications of Urban Economic Regulation for Morality and Welfare in Medieval England’, Economic History Society Annual Conference, Glasgow, 30 March - 1 April, 2001.
‘Towns and Castles in England and Ireland: A Changing Relationship’, Dublin Medieval Society, Trinity College Dublin, 23 May, 2001.
‘Ireland and the British Economy in the Middle Ages’, Seventh Anglo-American Seminar on the Medieval Economy and Society, Trinity College Dublin, 13-16 July, 2001.
‘Towns, Trade and Lordship, 1000-1300’, University of Cambridge International Summer Schools, Cambridge, 14 August, 2001.
‘Towns, Trade and Lordship, 1000-1300’, University of Leeds Medieval History Seminar, Leeds, 31 October, 2001.
‘Towns in Britain, 1200-1400: Sources and Problems’, Colloquium on Les viles catalanes entre els segles XII i XIV: senyoria, comunitat i estructures fiscals, Institució Vicens Vives de l’Institut de Llengua i Cultura Catalanes, Universitat de Girona, Girona, 15-17 November 2001.
‘The Uses of Money, 1200-1500’, Day School on Medieval Money Matters, Oxford University Department for Continuing Education, Rewley House, Oxford, 1 December, 2001.
‘La communicacion écrite et son rôle dans las société politique médiévale de l’Europe du Nord’, Conference on Rome et l’État modern européen: une comparaison typologique’, École Française de Rome, Rome, Piazza Navona, Rome, 31 January - 2 February, 2002.
‘Ireland and the British Economy in the Middle Ages’, Durham History Department Research Seminar, 6 Durham, February, 2002.
‘Medieval Urbanisation Around the Irish Sea’, session on Geographical Perspectives on Medieval Urbanisation, Ninth International Medieval Congress, Leeds, 8-11 July, 2002.
‘English Agriculture, 1350-1450: Current Problems’, Conference on Agricultural Output in England, 1350-1450, Durham, 2-3 September, 2002.
‘Commercialisation and its Problems, 1250-1348’, Colloque Postan-Duby, Université du Québec à Montréal, 10-12 October, 2002.
Goods before the Consumer Revolution: England c. 1300’, One-Day Workshop, In but not of the market: movable
goods in the late medieval and early modern urban economy, Royal
‘Formal Markets and Informal Trade in England before 1300’, Weekend School on Shops, Fairs and Markets in Medieval England, Oxford University Department for Continuing Education, Rewley House, Oxford, 26-27 April, 2003
‘Tax-collecting in Colchester, 1490-1502’, 38th International Congress on Medieval Studies, Kalamazoo, Michigan, 8-11 May, 2003
‘Markets as an International Phenomenon’, Leeds International Medieval Congress, Leeds, 14-17 July, 2003
‘Markets and Fairs in Medieval and Early Modern England’, Conference on Buyers, Sellers and Salesmanship in Medieval and Early Modern Europe (Italy, The Low Countries and England), Antwerp, 14-15 November, 2003
of Economic Development: Britain and Ireland, 1050-1530’, Joint Denys Hay/ESH
Seminar, School of History and Classics, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh,
‘Power, Authority and Economic Development in Medieval Britain’, Annual Conference of Scottish Medievalists, Pitlochry, 10 Janary, 2004
'Record-Keeping and Social Change: Britain and
Ireland, 1050-1530', Oxford, Medieval Economic History Seminar, All Souls
Procedure and Legal Recording in a Late Medieval Northern English Borough:
Crossgate in Durham’, Ranulph Higden Society, Manchester,
‘Agriculture, Marketing and Rural
Change, 1100-1500’, British Agricultural History Society, 2nd Anglo-French Conference on Rural History.
Darwin College, University of Kent at Canterbury,
‘Medieval Global Economies: New Directions’
(presentation as panel member, open floor discussion), Conference on Medieval
Global Economies, The University of
‘Uses of the French Language in Medieval English Towns’, 27th Annual Conference of the Center for Medieval Studies at Fordham University, March 31-April 1, 2007
‘Population, Trade and the
Fifteenth-Century Economy’, plenary
lecture for the Medieval Studies Summer School,
‘Local Trade in West Yorkshire in the Middle Ages’, Thoresby Society, Leeds, 2 October, 2007
‘The Bishop of Durham and the Coal Interest in the Palatinate, 1350-1500’, 43rd International Congress on Medieval Studies, Kalamazoo, 8-11 May, 2008
‘The Proliferation of Markets Revisited’, Centre for Metropolitan History 20th Anniversary Conference on Metropolitan History: Past, Present, Future, Goodenough College, London, 30 October, 2008
‘Pragmatic Literacy and its Uses, c. 820 – c. 1200’, Conference on Practical Literacy and Christian Identity in Northern Europe (to c. 1200), Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Bergen, Bergen, 23-5 April, 2009
‘The Proliferation of Markets as a Global Phenomenon’, 44th International Congress on Medieval Studies, Kalamazoo, 7-10 May, 2009
‘The Bishop of Durham's Revenues from Coal Mining, 1400-1500’, Conference on England in the Age of the Black Death, Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, 8-10 August, 2009
‘Hatfield’s Legacy’, Lectures to Commemorate the 700th Anniversary of the Birth of Bishop Thomas Hatfield, Hatfield College, Durham, 19th January, 2010
‘Commercialization in Global Perspective’, Economic History Society Annual Conference Plenary Lecture, Collingwood College, Durham, 26 March 2010
‘Employment on a Northern English Farm, 1370-1409’, 45th International Congress on Medieval Studies, Kalamazoo, 13-16 May, 2010
‘The Process of Urbanization on the British Coast in the Twelfth Century‘, Congreso internacional 'Los fueros de Avilés y su época', Avilés, 6-9 October, 2011
'Lords and Tenants', Conference on Northern England and Lowland Scotland: Some Common Foundations, Collingwood College, Durham, 9-11 January, 2012
'Making or Buying? Maintaining Farm Equipment and Buildings, 1250-1350', Eleventh Anglo-American Seminar on the Medieval Economy and Society, Wells, 5-8 July, 2013