European birds flock to warming Britain
(30 July 2008)
Rare southern species of birds are on the increase in the British Isles as a result of climatic change.
Researchers at Durham, the RSPB and Cambridge University have found that birds such as the Cirl Bunting and Dartford Warbler are becoming more common across a wide range of habitats in Britain as temperatures rise. Unfortunately, some northern species, such as the Fieldfare and Redwing, are not faring quite so well and their numbers are falling. Researchers looked at twenty-five year population trends of 42 bird species in relation to changes in climatic suitability simulated using climatic envelope models. Professor Brian Huntley from The Institute of Ecosystem Science at Durham University says: “The results are what we expected to find given the changes in climate over the last 20 years. “Because the UK is in the middle Latitudes of Europe, we expected that recent climatic warming would favour species with ranges located in the south of Europe and adversely affect northern species.” Bird spotters may have to refer to new books to identify some of the new visitors to our shores but Britons who’ve visited the Mediterranean region may recognise the increasing presence of the famously explosive song of Cetti’s Warbler. Northern species that are under threat also include the Slavonian Grebe, a bird whose range extends at its southern margins to Scotland. The Fieldfare and Redwing - birds that are familiar as winter visitors to bird tables and gardens in the north-east but that breed only locally in parts of Scotland - are also suffering a downturn in numbers. The models used to explore these trends are the same models that have been used to predict long term changes in all bird species across Europe; Durham’s ornithological expert Brian Huntley has compiled ‘A Climatic Atlas of European Breeding Birds’ to map potential changes in distribution of all of the continent’s regularly occurring nesting birds. His work shows the need for urgent action on climatic change to avoid calamitous impacts on birds. The new work has important implications for predicting future trends. Researchers can now look at what has happened in the past to help predict the future species and numbers of birds in Britain. The Institute of Ecosystem Science seeks to understand how organisms interact with their environment in order to develop strategies for a healthy planet. The research carried out by members of the Institute of Ecosystem Science (IES) provides insights into ecosystem patterns, processes and functioning in a changing world that help inform society about issues of global importance and assist mitigation of the adverse affects of anthropogenic environmental changes. The studies carried out by the Centre address issues relating to: climatic change impacts; biodiversity conservation; ecosystem health and the provision of ecosystem services; and the health of the human population. Southern birds flourishing in the warmer weather: Little egret Cetti's warbler Cirl bunting Dartford warbler Northern birds dwindling in the warmer weather: Redwing Temminck's stint Purple sandpiper Shore lark Snowy owl