Dr Erin McClymont
My research is focussed on the development and application of organic geochemistry (biomarker) techniques for the reconstruction of past environmental and climate change. I am interested in understanding ocean/ice-sheet and land/ocean interactions, and how the low and high-latitude climate systems might be connected and responsible for global climate change. The biomarker approach allows a large number of processes to be investigated, including the reconstruction of sea-surface temperatures and consideration of the production and recycling of organic matter.
Current research themes include:
(1) Investigating ocean circulation / carbon cycle / ice-sheet interactions during the Pliocene-Pleistocene and mid-Pleistocene climate transitions (~2.6 and 1.2 million years ago)
(2) Identifying evidence for abrupt climate changes in the eastern tropical Pacific during the transition from the last glacial maximum to present
(3) Investigating environmental change in Europe over the last 4000 years as recorded in peatlands
In the summer of 2013 I'll be sailing with the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) to the Alaskan margins, hoping to recover new evidence for the interaction between climate, ice-sheets and tectonics. You can follow our progress at the Joides Resolution webpage:
- Quaternary Environmental Change
- Organic geochemistry (biomarkers)
- Abrupt climate change
- Land-ocean interactions
- Ocean-ice sheet interactions
- Marine sediments
Lauren Craven-Niemczyk (Durham University)
Benjamin Petrick (Newcastle University)
Tiina Ronkainen (University of Helsinki)
- 2013: Research Council of Norway Standard Grant(as Co-I) “Ocean Controls on high-latitude Climate sensitivity - a Pliocene case study” (total award: NOK 9,000 (~£1m), PI: B. Risebrobakken, Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research)
- 2013: NERC Isotope Geosciences Facilities Award (as P.I.) "Reconstruction of Plio-Pleistocene South West Pacific Intermediate Water Circulation" (£8500 in kind)
- 2012: NERC (as P.I.) "Reconstructing intermediate water temperature response to Pliocene - Pleistocene climates" (total award: £246,000)
- 2010: Academy of Finland (as Co-I) "Biomarkers: a new potential method to study highly humified peat components" (total award: €239,000, PI: M. Valiranta, University of Helsinki)
- 2010: NERC Isotope Geosciences Facilities Award (as P.I.) "Evolving sea surface temperatures in the south-east Atlantic through the Pliocene and Pleistocene" (£11,000 in kind)
- 2007: NERC New Investigators Award (as sole investigator) "The millennial-scale response of the tropical Pacific to changing climate boundary conditions" (£60,000)
- 2003: NERC Organic Mass Spectrometry Facility Award (as Co-I) "High precision UK37' and δ13Calkenone analyses" (£46,800 in kind, PI: J.M. Lloyd, Durham University)
Journal papers: academic
- Fietz, S., Huguet, C., Bendle, J.A., Escala, M., Gallacher, C., Herfort, L., Jamieson, R., Martínez-Garcia, A., McClymont, E.L., Peck, V.L., Prahl, F.G., Rossi, S., Rueda, G., Sanson-Barrera, A. & Rosell-Melé, A. Co-variation of crenarchaeol and branched GDGTs in globally-distributed marine and freshwater sedimentary archives. Global and Planetary Change. 2012;92-93:275–285.
- McClymont, E.L., Ganeshram, R.S.S., Pichevin, L.E., Talbot, H.M., van Dongen, B.E., Thunell, R.C., Haywood, A.M., Singarayer, J.S.S. & Valdes, P.J. Sea-surface temperature records of Termination 1 in the Gulf of California: challenges for seasonal and inter-annual analogues of tropical Pacific climate change. Paleoceanography. 2012;27:PA2202.
- Pichevin, L.E., Ganeshram, R.S.S., Reynolds, B., Prahl, F.G., Pedersen, T.F.F., Thunell, R.C. & McClymont, E.L. Silicic acid biogeochemistry in the Gulf of California: Insights from sedimentary Si isotopes. Paleoceanography. 2012;27:PA2201.
- Rosell-Melé, A., Balestra, B., Kornilova, O., McClymont, E.L., Russell, M., Monechi, S., Troelstra, S. & Ziveri, P. Alkenones and coccoliths in ice-rafted debris during the Last Glacial Maximum in the North Atlantic: implications for the use of UK37' as a sea surface temperature proxy. Journal of Quaternary Science. 2011;26:657-664.
- Pancost, R.D., McClymont, E.L., Bingham, E.M., Roberts, Z., Charman, D.J., Hornibrook, E.R.C., Blundell, A., Chambers, F.M., Lima, K.L.H. & Evershed, R.P. Archaeol as a methanogen biomarker in ombrotrophic bogs. Organic Geochemistry. 2011;42:1279-1287
- McClymont, E.L., Bingham, E.M., Nott, C.J., Chambers, F.M., Pancost, R.D. & Evershed, R.P. Pyrolysis GC/MS as a rapid screening tool for determination of peat-forming plant composition in cores from ombrotrophic peat. Organic Geochemistry. 2011;42:1420-1435.
- Dickson, A.J., Leng, M.J., Maslin, M.A., Sloane, H.J., Green, J., Bendle, J.A., McClymont, E.L. & Pancost, R.D. Atlantic overturning circulation and Agulhas leakage influences on southEast Atlantic upper ocean hydrography during marine isotope stage 11. Paleoceanography. 2010;25:PA3208.
- Bingham, E.M., McClymont, E.L., Väliranta, M., Mauquoy, D., Roberts, Z., Chambers, F.M., Pancost, R.D. & Evershed, R.P. Conservative composition of n-alkane biomarkers in Sphagnum species: Implications for palaeoclimate reconstruction in ombrotrophic peat bogs. Organic Geochemistry. 2010;41:214-220.
- Martínez-Garcia, A., Rosell-Melé, A., McClymont, E.L., Gersonde, R. & Haug, G. Subpolar Link to the Emergence of the Modern Equatorial Pacific Cold Tongue. Science. 2010;328:1550-1553.
- Dickson, A.J., Beer, C.J., Demsey, C., Maslin, M., Bendle, J.A., McClymont, E.L. & Pancost, R.D. Oceanic Forcing of the Marine Isotope Stage 11 interglacial. Nature Geoscience. 2009;2:428-433.
- McClymont, E.L., Rosell-Mele, A., Haug, G. & Lloyd, J.M. Expansion of subarctic water masses in the North Atlantic and Pacific oceans and implications for mid-Pleistocene ice sheet growth. Paleoceanography. 2008;23:PA4214.
- McClymont, E.L., Mauquoy, D., Yeloff, D., Broekens, P., van Geel, B., Charman, D.J., Pancost, R.D., Chambers, F.P. & Evershed, R.P. The disappearance of Sphagnum imbricatum from Butterburn Flow, UK. The Holocene. 2008;18:991-1002.
- McClymont, E.L., Martinez-Garcia, A. & Rosell-Melé, A. Benefits of freeze-drying sediments for the analysis of total chlorins and alkenone concentrations in marine sediments. Organic Geochemistry. 2007;38:1002-1007.
- Charman, D. J., Blundell, A., ACCROTELM Members & (ELM as ACCROTELM Member) A pan-European testate amoebae transfer function for palaeohydrological reconstruction on ombrotrophic peatlands. Journal of Quaternary Science. 2006;22:209-221.
- McClymont, E.L., Rosell-Melé, A., Giraudeau, J., Pierre, C. & Lloyd, J.M. Alkenone and coccolith records of the Mid-Pleistocene in the south-east Atlantic: Implications for the UK37' index and south African climate. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2005;24:1559-1572.
- McClymont, E.L. & Rosell-Melé, A. Links between the onset of modern Walker circulation and the mid-Pleistocene climate transition. Geology. 2005;33:389-392.
- Rosell-Melé, A. & McClymont, E.L. Biomarkers as palaeoceanographic proxies. In: Hillaire-Marcel, C. & de Vernal, A. Proxies in Late Cenozoic Paleoceanography. Amsterdam Oxford: Elsevier; 2007:441-490.
- McClymont, E.L., Pendall, E. & Nichols, J. Stable isotopes and organic geochemistry in peat: Tools to investigate past hydrology, temperature and biogeochemistry. PAGES news. 2010;18:15-18.
- Development of Isotopic Proxies for Palaeoenvironmental Interpretation (DIPPI-C)
- INTIMATE: INTegrating Ice core, MArine, and TErrestrial records
- IODP Leg 341 Alaskan Margin
- North East Quaternary Association (NEQUA)
- Quaternary Environmental Change Research Group
- Reconstructing Intermediate Water Temperatures