Selected news stories from the international press relating to Asian (In)Fertilities:
Fewer Indians adopted by rich world now - Times of India
(2 May 2010)
NEW DELHI: Geopolitical changes have radically altered the preferences of prospective foster parents' in the developed world and the last 30 years have seen India move from second to the seventh most preferred country to supply children to the childless rich. These are some of the findings of an analysis of adoption trends across 195 countries by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs' Population Division.
It found that more than half of all internationally adopted children originate from five countries: China, Guatemala, the Republic of Korea, Russia and Ukraine. This is a radical change from the 1980s, when the top five countries of origin were the Republic of Korea, India, Colombia, Brazil and Sri Lanka. China and Russia did not feature in the top 10 league table. It found that adoption remains a rare event: some 2,60,000 children are adopted every year.
An analysis of adoption trends across 195 countries by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs' Population Division has found radical changes in the pattern of the origin and destination of adopted children, as well as the nationality of foster parents and their preferences.
In India, the number of domestic adoptions has been rising, but remains very low at 11.7 per 1,00,000 births. The US alone accounts for more than half of all adoptions worldwide, with 85% of these being domestic; China and Russia are next.
Domestic adoption far outnumbers inter-country adoption and is declining in developed countries where fewer children are available every year for adoption, but rising in developing countries. Adoptions by step-parents or relatives account for over half of domestic adoptions globally.