Landscapes of Complex Society
This research group deals with landscapes ranging from south Asia to western Europe. Research projects are linked by a common interest in understanding landscapes as they relate to the growth and impact of ancient complex societies.
Current Major Research Themes
Landscape Signatures and Settlement
The recognition of settlement and landscape features and the analysis and interpretation of long-term change is a core element of the Durham approach to archaeological landscapes. This has been extensively developed in the Middle East, through projects using a combination of remote sensing and ground survey to identify archaeological features, and thus map the changing scale and nature of human activity in the landscape. The AHRC-funded Fragile Crescent Project is charting the rise and fall of Bronze Age urban centres within the Fertile Crescent in a way that is comparable with the so-called heartland of urban development in southern Mesopotamia, while Graham Philip's work around Homs in western Syria has identified related, but previously unrecognized, dimensions of human activity in stony upland regions. Robin Coningham's work at Anuradhapura (Sri Lanka) is shaping our understanding of low density urbanism, and is now invesigating the role played by hinterland communities in the development of the urban centre. An AHRC grant recently awarded to Dr John Chapman will support his investigation of precocious urban settlements in the Ukraine, currently a missing chapter in the story of world urbanism. These very large sites while clearly of ‘urban' size, are seemingly devoid of the traits usually associated with complex urban societies.
Robin Coningham's investigations of geoarchaeology and settlement in the Tehran Plain (Iran) and Penny Wilson's work in the western Nile Delta, are addressing the interrelationships between environment, human activity and the creation and modification of landscapes. These projects explore the nature of urban: rural distinction at different times and places, and the impact of technology such as water management, and the role of routes and patterns of connectivity. Work on the landscapes of Medieval Britain includes Chris Gerrard's Shapwick Project which has combined historical data with intensive survey.
Landscapes of Empires
The scale of landscape studies is well-suited to the investigation of extensive ancient empires. Rob Witcher’s research in the intensively settled landscapes of Roman Italy is generating a new understanding of the nature of activity in the hinterland of Rome, while Derek Kennet’s research projects at Kush in Ras al-Khaimah and Kadhima in Kuwait are exploring the interrelationships between settlement, landscape and the economy in the Gulf from the Sassanian Empire through the Early Islamic period.
Work on frontiers is an increasingly important part of the group’s activities and has been explored through the work of Richard Hingley and Rob Witcher through the AHRC-funded Tales of the Frontier Project which seeks to reinterpret Hadrian’s Wall. This work is being followed up by a cross-disciplinary focus on the Materiality of Frontiers through the ‘Life of the Frontier’ project . Complementary work on the Gorgan Wall, at the frontier of the Sassanian Empire in northeast Iran, is being conducted by Tony Wilkinson jointly with the University of Edinburgh and the ICHTO in Iran.
Robin Coningham is examining the nature of monastic landscapes in South Asia, and is using archaeological evidence to supplement and question, current text-based accounts of the past. Anna Leone’s work focuses on the transformation of both urban and rural landscapes in North Africa in periods of transition from Paganism into Christianity and from Christian into Muslim religious traditions. It looks specifically on the impact of these religious changes and on the reinterpretation of material culture and spaces, while David Petts is using geophysical survey to understand the organization of the island settlement and monastic community of Lindisfarne in North-East England.
The group includes a large group of PhD students, and we welcome enquiries about potential research projects at post-graduate and post-doctoral levels. Interested scholars should contact the relevant people within the research group in the first instance.
- Professor John Chapman
- Professor Robin Coningham
- Professor Chris Gerrard
- Prof Richard Hingley
- Dr Derek Kennet
- Dr Anna Leone
- Dr Tom Moore
- Dr David Petts
- Prof Graham Philip
- Professor Tony Wilkinson
- Dr Penny Wilson
- Dr Robert Witcher
- Mr Majed Alonazi
- Mr Andrew Blair
- Miss Mhairi Campbell
- Miss Maria Correas-Amador
- Mrs Emma Cunliffe
- Ms Michelle De Gruchy
- Miss Kristen Hopper
- Miss Harriet Lacey
- Miss Francesca Mazzilli
- Mrs Anne Mortimer
- Mr Ronan O'Donnell
- Mr Darrell J. Rohl
- Mr Stefan Smith
- Miss Jennifer Tremblay
From other departments
- Miss Louise Rayne (in the Department of Geography)
- Mr Mark Kincey (in the Department of Geography)
Publications by staff in this group
- Gerrard, C M & Aston, M A (2013). Interpreting the English village. Landscape and community at Shapwick, Somerset. Windgather Press, Oxbow Books.
- Leone, A. (2013). The End of the Pagan City. Religion, Economy and Urbanism in Late Antique North Africa. Oxford University Press.
- Wilson, P. (2011). Sais I The Ramesside-Third Intermediate Period at Kom Rebwa. Egypt Exploration Society.
- Wilson, Penelope. & Grigoropoulos, Dimitrios. (2009). The West Nile Delta Regional Survey, Beheira and Kafr el-Sheikh provinces. London: Egypt Exploration Society.
- Wilkinson, T.J. (2003). Archaeological Landscapes of the Near East. Tucson, Arizona: University of Arizona Press.
- Scarre, GF & Coningham, RAE (2013). Appropriating the Past: Philosophical Perspectives on the Practice of Archaeology. Cambridge Cambridge University Press.
- Kaizer, T., Leone, A., Thomas, E. & Witcher, R. (2012). Cities and Gods: Religious Spaces in Transition. BABesch. Annual Papers on Mediterranean Archaeology, Supplement 22. BABESCH.
- Gunawardhana, P., Adikari, G. & Coningham, R.A.E. (2010). Essays in Archaeology 2. Colombo: Neptune Publications.
- Carter, R.A & Philip, G (2010). Beyond the Ubaid: Transformation and Integration in the Late Prehistoric Societies of the Middle East. Oriental Institute Publications. Chicago: The Oriental Institute.
- Kennet, D. & Luft, P. (2008). Current Research in Sasanian Archaeology, Art and History. Proceedings of a Conference held at Durham University, November 3rd and 4th, 2001. BAR International Series 1810. Oxford: Archaeopress.
- Kennet, D (2013), An Outline Archaeological History of the Northern Emirates in the Islamic Period, in Potts, D & Hellyer, P eds, Second International Conference on the Archaeology in the UAE. Abu Dhabi, Abu Dhabi Authority for Culture and Heritage.
- Kennet, D (2013), Reconsidering the decline of urbanism in late Early Historic and Early Medieval South Asia, in Schiettecatte, J & Robin, C eds, The Orient on the Eve of Islam. Paris, France, CNRS.
- Wilkinson, Tony & J. (2010), Models of human settlement and behaviour: The role of ethnoarchaeology, in Matthiae, Paolo Pinnock,Frances Nigro Lorenzo & Marchetti, Nicolò eds, 1: Proceedings of the 6th International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East May, 5th-10th 2008,•. “Sapienza” - Università di Roma. Harrassowitz Verlag, Wiesbaden, 133-147
Edited works: contributions
- Philip, G (2011). The later prehistory of the southern Levant: issues of practice and context. In Culture, Chronology and the Chalcolithic: Theory and Transition. Rowan, Y.M. & Lovell, J.L. Oxford: CBRL Monographs. Levant Supplementary Series 9: 192-209.
- Wilson, Penelope. (2011). Masking and multiple personas. In Ancient Egyptian Demonology. Kousoulis, P. Peeters. OLA 175: 77-88.
- Wilson, Penelope (2011). Pots, People and the Plural Community: A case Study of the Greeks in Egypt at Sais. In Intercultural Contacts in the Ancient Mediterranean. Proceedings of the International Conference at the Netherlands-Flemish Institute in Cairo, 25th to 29th October 2008. Duistermat, K. & Regulski, I. Peeters. 149-160.
- Wilson, Penelope. (2011). Ramsîs: Ancient Memory, Archaeology and the Western Delta. In Ramesside Studies in Honour of K. A. Kitchen. Collier, M. & Snape, S. Rutherford Press. 533-540.
- Witcher, R.E. (2011). Missing persons? Models of Mediterranean Regional Survey and Ancient Populations. In Settlement, Urbanization and Population. Bowman, A. & Wilson, A. Oxford Oxford University Press. Oxford Studies in the Roman Economy 2: 36-75.
- Carter, R.A & Philip, G (2010). Deconstructing the Ubaid. In Beyond the Ubaid: Transformation and Integration in the Late Prehistoric Societies of the Middle East. Carter, R.A & Philip, G Chicago: The Oriental Institute. 1-22.
- Wilson, Penelope. (2010). Consolidation, Innovation and Renaissance. In Egyptian Archaeology. Wendrich, Willeke. Oxford: Blackwell. 241-257.
- Wilson, Penelope. (2010). Temple Architecture and Decorative Systems. In The Blackwell Companion to Ancient Egypt. Lloyd, A.B. Oxford: Blackwell. 781-803.
- Goodchild, H. & Witcher, R.E. (2010). Modelling the Agricultural Landscapes of Republican Italy. In Agricoltura e scambi nell’Italia tardo repubblicana. Carlsen, J. & Lo Cascio, E. Rome & Bari: Edipuglia. 187-220.
- Witcher, R.E. (2009). The Countryside. In A Companion to Ancient History. Erskine, A. Oxford: Blackwell. 462-473.
- Rutter, G. P. & Philip, G. (2008). Beyond provenance analysis: the movement of basaltic artefacts through a social landscape. In New Approaches to Old Stones: Recent Studies of Ground Stone Artifacts. Rowan, Y. & Ebeling, J. London: Equinox. 343-358.
- Philip, G. (2008). The Early Bronze Age I-III. In Jordan: An Archaeological Reader. Adams, R. London & Oakville: Equinox. 161-226.
- Witcher, R.E. (2008). Regional Field Survey and the Demography of Roman Italy. In People, Land and Politics. Demographic Developments and the Transformation of Roman Italy, 300BC-AD14. de Ligt, L. & Northwood, S. Leiden: Brill. 303: 273-303.
- Witcher, R.E. (2008). The Middle Tiber Valley in the Imperial Period. In Mercator Placidissimus. The Tiber Valley in Antiquity. New Research in the Upper and Middle River Valley. Coarelli, F. & Patterson, H. Rome: Quasar. 467-486.
Journal papers: academic
- Mayyas, A., Stern, B., Gillmore, G., Coningham, R.A.E. & Fazeli Nashli, H. (2013). Beeswax preserved in a Late Chalcolithic Bevelled-Rim Bowl from the Tehran Plain, Iran. Iran 48: 13-25.
- Gilliland, K. Simpson, I.A., Adderley, W.P., Burbidge, C.I. Cresswell, A.J. Sanderson, D.C.W. Coningham, R.A.E. , Manuel, M.J. , Strickland, K. Gunawardhana, P. & Adikari, G. (2013). The dry tank: development and disuse of water management infrastructure in the Anuradhapura hinterland, Sri Lanka. Journal of Archaeological Sciences 40: 1012-1028.
- Gerrard, CM (2013). Contest and co-operation: strategies for medieval and later irrigation along the Huecha Valley, Aragon, north-east Spain.
- Kennet, D (2013). The Mountain villages of the Musandam Peninsula a case study in extensification. Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy
- Coningham, R.A.E., Gunawardhana,P., Davis, C.E., Adikari, G., Simpson,I.A., Strickland, K.M, Gilliland, K. & Manuel, M.J. (2012). Contextualising the Tabbova-Maradanmaduva 'culture': Excavations at Nikawewa, Tirappane, Anuradhapura District, Sri Lanka. South Asian Studies 28(1): 1-14.
- Gerrard, C & Gutierrez, A (2012). Estudio arqueológico del Somontano del Moncayo: avance metodológico. Salduie: Estudios de prehistoria y arqueología 10: 259-270.
- Leone, A. (2012). Bishops and Territory: The case of Late Roman and Byzantine North Africa. Dumbarton Oaks Papers 65-66.
- Leone, A. (2012). Water Management in Late Antique North Africa: Agricultural Irrigation. Water History 4(1): 119-133.
- Wilkinson, Tony J, Galiatsatos, Nikolaos, Lawrence, Dan, Ricci, Andrea, Dunford, Rob & Philip, Graham (2012). Late Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age Landscapes of Settlement and Mobility in the Middle Euphrates: A Reassessment. Levant 44(2): 139-185.
- Wilkinson, Tony,J. , Boucharlat, R., Ertsen, Maurits W. Gillmore, Gavin, Kennet,Derek , de Schacht, Tijs Magee,Peter & Rezakhani, Khodadad (2012). From Human Niche Construction to Imperial Power: Long-term trends in Ancient Iranian Water Systems. Water History 4(2): 155-176.
- Wilkinson,Tony, J , Galiatsatos, Nikolaos , Lawrence, Dan , Ricci,Andrea Dunford,R. & Philip, Graham (2012). Landscapes of Settlement and Mobility in the Middle Euphrates of Turkey and Syria During the Late Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age: A Re-assessment. Levant Levant 44 (2): 139-185.
- Hingley, R., Witcher, R.E. & Nesbitt, C. (2012). Life of an Ancient Monument: Hadrian's Wall in History. Antiquity 86(333): 760-771.
- Coningham, R.A.E., Schmidt, A.R. & Strickland, K.M. (2011). A cultural and environmental monitoring of the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Lumbini, Nepal. Ancient Nepal 176: 1-8.
- Coningham, R.A.E., Schmidt, A.R. & Strickland, K.M. (2011). A pilot geophysical and auger core evaluation within the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Lumbini, Nepal. Ancient Nepal 176: 9-24.
- Schmidt, A.R., Coningham, R.A.E., Strickland, K.M. & Shoebridge, J.E. (2011). A pilot geophysical evaluation of the site of Ramagrama, Nepal. Ancient Nepal 177: 17-33.
- Schmidt, A.R., Coningham, R.A.E., Strickland, K.M. & Shoebridge, J.E. (2011). A pilot geophysical evaluation of the site of Tilaurakot, Nepal. Ancient Nepal 177: 1-16.
- Shoebridge,J. & Coningham, R.A.E. (2011). Arikamedu Type 10 and the reconstruction of Indian Ocean networks of contact. Journal of Indian Ocean Archaeology 6: 125-141.
- Pluskowski, A, Boas, A J & Gerrard, C M (2011). The Ecology of Crusading: Investigating the Environmental Impact of Holy War and Colonisation at the Frontiers of Medieval Europe. Medieval Archaeology 55: 192-225.
- Philip, G, Bradbury, J & Jabbur, F (2011). The Archaeology of the Homs Basalt, Syria: the main site types. Studia Orontica 9: 38-55.
- Wilkinson, Tony & J. (2011). The Domestication of Water: Early Hydraulic Systems.(Keynote article). Neo-Lithics 2(10): 33-38.
- V. Ramaroli, J. Hamilton, P. Ditchfield, H. Fazeli, A. Aali, R.A.E. Coningham, & A.M. Pollard (2010). The Chehr Abad "salt men" and the isotopic ecology of humans in ancient Iran. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 143(3): 343-354.
- Fazeli, Nashali H., Vidale, M., Guida, G. & Coningham, R.A.E. (2010). The evolution of ceramic manufacturing technology during the Late Neolithic and Transitional Chalcolithic periods at Tepe Pardis, Iran. Archaologische Mitteilungen aus Iran und Turan 42: 87-112.
- Al-Jahrawi, N. S. & Kennet, D. (2010). Umm an-Nar settlement in the Wādī Andam (Sultanate of Oman). Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 40: 161-172.
- Philip, G & Bradbury, J (2010). Pre-classical activity in the basalt landscape of the Homs region, Syria: the implications for the development of “sub-optimal” zones in the Levant during the Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age. Levant 42(2): 136-169.
- Wilkinson, Tony, J & Rayne,Louise (2010). Hydraulic landscapes and imperial power in the Near East. Water History 2(2): 115-144
- Wilkinson, Tony & J. (2010). Introduction. Water History 2(2): 85-90
- Wilkinson,T.J. , French, C. Ur, J.A. & Semple M. (2010). The Geoarchaeology of Route Systems in Northern Syria. Geoarchaeology 25(6): 745–771.
- Witcher, R.E., Tolia-Kelly, D.P. & Hingley, R. (2010). Archaeologies of Landscape. Excavating the Materialities of Hadrian's Wall. Journal of Material Culture 15(1): 105-128.
- Kay, S.J. & Witcher, R.E. (2010). Predictive Modelling of Roman Settlement in the Middle Tiber Valley. Archeologia e Calcolatori 20(2009): 277-290.
- Witcher, R.E. (2010). The Fabulous Tales of the Common People, Part 1: Representing Hadrian’s Wall. Public Archaeology 9(3): 126-152.
- Witcher, R.E. (2010). The Fabulous Tales of the Common People, Part 2: Encountering Hadrian’s Wall. Public Archaeology 9(4): 211-238.
- Chapman, J., Magyari, E. & Gaydarska, B. (2009). Contrasting subsistence strategies in the Early Iron Age ?: new results from the Alföld Plain, Hungary and the Thracian Plain, Bulgaria. Oxford Journal of Archaeology 28(2): 155-187.
- Gillmore, G.K., Coningham, R.A.E., Fazeli, H., Young, R.L., Magshoudi, M., Batt, C.M. & Rushworth, G. (2009). Irrigation on the Tehran Plain, Iran: Tepe Pardis - the site of a possible Neolithic irrigation feature?. Catena 78(3): 285-300.
- Coningham, R.A.E. & Manuel, M.J. (2009). Priest-kings or puritans? Childe and willing subordination in the Indus. European Journal of Archaeology 12(1-3): 27-37.
- Newson, P. Abdulkarim, M. McPhillips, S., Mills, P., Reynolds, P. & Philip, G. (2009). Landscape study of Dar es-Salaam and the basalt region north west of Homs, Syria. Berytus 51-52: 1-35.
- Stern, B., Connan, J., Blakelock, E., Jackman, R., Coningham, R.A.E. & Heron, C. (2008). From Susa to Anuradhapura reconstructing aspects of trade and exchange in bitumen-coated ceramic vessels between Iran and Sri Lanka from the third to the ninth centuries AD. Archaeometry 50(3): 409-428.
- Jaquin, P.A., Augarde, C. & Gerrard, C.M. (2008). Chronological description of the spatial development of rammed earth techniques. International Journal of Architectural Heritage 2(4): 377-400.
- Al-Jahwari, N.S. & Kennet, D. (2008). A field methodology for the quantification of ancient settlement in an Arabian context. Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 38: 203-214.
- Leone A. & Palombi D. (2008). Mercurio Sobrio tra Africa e Roma. Archeologia Classica 59(9): 409-433.
- Galiatsatos, N., Donoghue, D.N.M. & Philip, G. (2008). High resolution elevation data derived from stereoscopic CORONA imagery with minimal ground control: an approach using IKONOS and SRTM data. Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing 74(9): 1093-1106.
- Nieuwenhuyse, Olivier P. & Wilkinson. Tony J. (2008). Late Neolithic settlement in the area of Tell Beydar (NE Syria). Subartu 21, 21: 305-27.
- Ur, Jason & Wilkinson, Tony J. (2008). Settlement and Economic Landscapes of Tell Beydar and its Hinterland. Subartu 21: 305-27.
- Witcher, R.E. (2008). (Re)surveying Mediterranean Rural Landscapes: GIS and Legacy Survey Data. Internet Archaeology 24.
Journal papers: popular
- Wilkinson, Tony, J. & Peltenburg, Edgar (2010). Carchemish in Context: Surveys in the Hinterland of a Major Iron Age City. CBRL Bulletin 5: 11-20.
- Beck, Anthony R. & Philip, Graham (2013). The Archaeological Exploitation of Declassified Satellite Photography in Semi-arid Environments. In Archaeology from Historical Aerial and Satellite Archives. Hanson, William S. & Oltean, Ioana, A. Springer. 261-278.
- Leone, A. & Moussa, F. (2012). Roman North Africa and Sahara. In Oxford handbook of African Archaeology. Lane, P. & Michell, P. Oxford University Press. 1.
- Witcher, R.E. & Craven, M. (2012). ‘Much That Has Long Been Hidden’ Reconstructing the Survey Methodology. In Veii. The Historical Topography of the Ancient City. A Restudy of John Ward-Perkins’s Survey. Cascino, R., Di Giuseppe, H. & Patterson, H.L. London: British School at Rome. 9-24.
- Witcher, R.E. (2012). 'That From A Long Way Off Look Like Farms': The Classification of Roman Rural Sites. In Comparative Issues in the Archaeology of the Roman Rural Landscape. Site Classification Between Survey, Excavation and Historical Categories. Attema, P.A.J. & Schörner, G. Journal of Roman Archaeology. JRA Supplementary Series 88: 11-30.
- Bradbury, J & Philip, G (2011). The World Beyond Tells: Pre-classical activity in the basalt landscape of the Homs region, Syria. In Pierres levées, stèles anthropomorphes et dolmens. Standing stones, anthropomorphic stelae and dolmens. Steimer-Herbert, T. & Maison de l'Orient et de la Méditerranée Jean Pouilloux (Lyon, France) Oxford: Archaeopress. 2317: 169-180.
- Wilson, Penelope. (2011). Settlement Connections in the Canopic Region. In Alexandria and the North-Western Delta. Robinson, Duncan. & Wilson, Andrew. Oxford: Oxford Centre for Maritime Archaeology. 111-126.
- Edwards, D.N., Mattingly D.J., Daniels, C.M., with contributions from, Dore, J.N. & Leone, A. (2010). Excavations and survey at Tinda, al Khara'iq and Ikhlif Escarpment Settlements. In The Archaeology of Fazzan. Vol. 3, Excavations of C.M. Daniels. Mattingly, D.J. London: The Society for Libyan Studies. 3.
- Mattingly, D.J., HAwthorne, J., Daniels, C.M., With contributions from, Dore, J.N., Leone, A. & Cole, F. (2010). Excavations at the Classic Garamantian Settlement of Saniat Jibril. In The Archaeology of Fazzan. Vol. 3, Excavations of C.M. Daniels. Mattingly D.J. London: The Society for Lybian Studies. 3.
- Edwards, D.N., Mattingly, D.J., Daniels, C.M., with contributions from, Dore, J.N. & Leone, A. (2010). Excavations of other Garamantian Cemeteries and Burials. In The Archaeology of Fazzan. Vol. 3, Excavations of C.M. Daniels. Mattingly, D.J. London: The Society for Libyan Studies. 3.
- Mattingly, D.J., Hawthorne, J., Daniels, C.M., with contributions from, Dore, J.N., Leone, A., Kenrick, Ph. & Tagart, C. (2010). The Garamantian Cemetery of Saniat Bin Huwaydi. In The Archaeology of Fazzan. Vol. 3, Excavations of C.M. Daniels. Mattingly D.J. London: The Society for Libyan Studies. 3.
- Hawthorne,J., Mattingly,D.J., Daniels, C.M., with contributions from, Barnett, T., Dore, J.N. & Leone, A. (2010). Zinkekra: an Early Garamantian Escarpement Settlement and Associated Sites. In The Archaeology of Fazzan. Vol. 3, Excavations of C.M. Daniels. Mattingly, D.J. London: The Society for Libyan Studies. 3: 19-84.
- Wilkinson, T.J. (2010). Environment and Long-Term Population Trends in Southwest Arabia. In The Evolution of Human Populations in Arabia. Petraglia, M.D. & Rose, J.I. Dordrecht: Springer, Science. 51-66.
- Gerrard, C M (2009). The Society for Medieval Archaeology: The early years (1956-1962). In Reflections: 50 Years of Medieval Archaeology, 1957-2007. Gilchrist, R & Reynolds, A Maney Publishing. 30: 23-46.
- Gerrard, C.M. (2009). The study of the deserted medieval village: Caldecote in context. In Caldecote. The development and desertion of a Hertfordshire village. Beresford, G. Leeds: Society for Medieval Archaeology. 28: 1-20.
- Gerrard, C M (2009). Tribes and territories: 50 years of Medieval Archaeology in Britain. In Reflections. 50 Years of Medieval Archaeology. Gilchrist, R & Reynolds, A Leeds: Society for Medieval Archaeology. 79-112.
- Wilkinson, T.J. (2009). Foreword. In Arabia Felix: An Exploration of the Archaeological History of Yemen. Alessandro de Maigret London: Stacey International. 9-20.
- Wilkinson, T.J. (2009). Political landscapes and states in upper Mesopotamia and the Levant. In States and Landscape,. Redman, C. & Falconer, S. Tucson: University of Arizona Press. 152-62
- Wilkinson, T.J. (2008). Human dimensions of environmental change in the ancient Near East. In Proceedings of the 4th International Congress of the Ancient Near East (Berlin). Kuhne,H., Czichon, R.M. & Kreppner, F.J. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag. Vol. 1: The Reconstruction of the Environment: 3-18.
Edited works: conference proceedings
- Gerrard, C.M. (2010). Edificios en en paisaje medieval: el papel y recorsos de las ordenes militares en Ambel (Zaragoza). I Jornadas de Arqueologia medieval en Aragon, Teruel, Spain, Museo de Teruel, Instituto de Estudios Turolenses.
- Wilson, Penelope. (2010). Recent Survey Work in the Southern Mareotis Area. Lake Mareotis: Reconstructing the Past, Alexandria, Egypt, Archaepress.
- Galiatsatos, N., Wilkinson, T.J., Donoghue, D.N.M. & Philip, G. (2009). The Fragile Crescent Project (FCP): Analysis of Settlement Landscapes Using Satellite Imagery. CAA 2009: Making history interactive, Williamsburg, Virginia, USA.
- Philip, G. (2008). Natural and cultural aspects of the development of the marl landscape east of Lake Qatina during the Bronze and Iron Ages. Urban and Natural Landscapes of an Ancient Syrian Capital. Proceedings of the International Conference held in Udine, 9-11 December 2004, Udine, Forum Editrice.
Essays in edited volumes
- Coningham, R.A.E. (2013). The Archaeology of Early Buddhism. In Oxford Bibliographies in Buddhism. Payne,Richard Oxford University Press. 1-35.
- Wilkinson,Tony, J. , Rekavandi, Hamid Omrani Hopper, Kristen, Priestman, Seth Roustaei, Kourosh & Galiatsatos, Nikolaos (2013). The Landscapes of the Gorgān Wall. In Persia’s Imperial Power In Late Antiquity: Sasanian Frontier Walls, Forts And Landscapes Of Northern Iran (The Joint Fieldwork Project On The Great Wall Of Gorgān, The Wall Of Tammīsheh And Other Sites In The Frontier Zone: 2005-2009). Sauer, Eberhard, W., Rekavandi,Hamid Omrani Wilkinson, Tony J. & Nokandeh, Jebrael Oxford: Oxbow Books. 24-132.
- Chapman, John (2012). The negotiation of place value in the landscape. In The construction of value in the ancient world. Papadopoulos, John K. & Urton, Gary UCLA Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Press. 66 - 89.
- Coningham, R.A.E. (2012). Frank Raymond Allchin(1923-2010). In Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the British Academy. Oxford University Press. IX: 3-23.
- Coningham, R.A.E. & Gunawardhana, P. (2012). Looting or Rededication? Buddhism and the Expropriation of Relics. In Appropriating the Past: Philosophical Perspectives on the Practice of Archaeology. Scarre, G. & Coningham, Cambridge University Press. 281-294.
- Wilkinson, Tony & J. (2012). Earth and Water: The Land of Iran. In Ancient Iran from the Air. Stronach, David & Mousavi, Ali Philipp von Zabern, Darmstadt. 12-27.
- Coningham, R.A.E. (2011). Buddhism. In The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Ritual and Religion. Insoll, T. Oxford University Press. 934-947.
- Gillmore, G.K., Stevens, T. Buylaert, J.P. Coningham, R.A.E., Batt, C. Fazeli, H. Young, R. & Maghsoudi, M. (2011). Geoarchaeology and the value of multidisciplinary palaeo-environmental approaches: a case study from the Tehran Plain, Iran. In Human Interactions with the Geosphere: The Geoarchaeological Perspective. Wilson, L. The Geological Society of London. 352: 49-67.
- Wilkinson, Tony, J. & Deckers, K. (2011). Tell Brak’s Loess Section in Area TC. In Holocene Landscapes through Time in the Fertile Crescent. Deckers, K. Brepols: Turnhout. 28: 107-110
- Young, R.L. & Coningham, R.A.E. (2010). From Village to State: Modelling Food Consumption and Ideological Change at Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. In Essays in Archaeology. Gunawardhana, P., Adikari, G. & Coningham, R.A.E. Colombo: Neptune Publishers. 81-92.
- Schmidt, A. & Coningham, R.A.E. (2010). Geophysical Investigations of World Heritage Sites in South Asia. In Essays in Archaeology. Gunawardhana, P., Adikari, G. & Coningham, R.A.E. Colombo: Neptune Publishers. 285-290.
- Coningham, R.A.E., Acharya, K.P., Schmidt, A. & Bidari, B. (2010). Searching for Kapilavastu. In Essays in Archaeology. Gunawardhana, P., Adikari, G. & Coningham, R.A.E. Colombo: Neptune Publishers. 55-66.
- Wilkinson, Tony J (2010). Empire and Environment in the Northern Fertile Crescent. In Landscapes and Societies - Selected Cases. Martini I.P. & Chesworth, W. Dordrecht: Springer. 135-151.
- Wilkinson, Tony J. (2010). The Tell: Social Archaeology and Territorial Space. In The Development of Pre-state Communities in the Ancient Near East: Studies in Honour of Edgar Peltenburg. Bolger, Diane & Maguire, Louise Oxbow, Oxford. 55-62
- Coningham, R.A.E. & Manuel, M.J. (2009). The Early Empires of South Asia. In The Great Empires of the Ancient World. Harrison, T. Thames and Hudson. 226-249.
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