The programme will enable cutting edge research to identify those factors which can lead to insecurity within a country or region, to anticipate when aggression between or within states may occur, and to identify and learn how external powers and bodies such as the United Nations Security Council should respond appropriately. Such aggression may them be avoided, peacefully at an early stage and without waiting for a time when the only option is invasion or the repulsion thereof. Governments require their decision makers, whether politicians, diplomats, senior civil servants, members of their armed forces or even persons of influence within larger private companies and organisations, to be aware of such risk factors so that correct decisions can be taken by them and between them at a high level, before, and also during, times of crisis. Research into such matters within the Programme at the University will yeild immense benefit and influence to state and non-state actors on the world stage. The programme will have an important, dynamic and lasting effect on decision making with respect to governance and the security of nations worldwide.