Founded in 1996 by the Philosophy Department of Durham University as a printed international journal, Philosophical Writings is now re-launched as a free-access, peer-reviewed online journal covering all areas of research in philosophy, offering rigorous, swift, and effective peer-review procedures. Our primary remit is to provide a channel for the publication of original work by postgraduates and new academics. In this manner the journal wants to play a vital role in the growth and development of philosophical awareness in the next generation of philosophers, acting as a forum for new ideas and exchanges. We welcome submissions from established academics, and we sometimes accept and invite feature pieces as well as reviews of particular fields or areas of research. Philosophical Writings receives contributions from many institutions around the world and the journal continually seeks to represent a cross-section of international philosophical interests. The Editor-in-Chief is Mesut Malik Yavuz.