For each of the following people record the following details
- (a) what crime they committed and (b) what punishment you
predict they will receive.
Now record what punishment they actually received.
How many did you get right?
On your list, make a note of all the crimes connected to property
and another note of all the crimes against people. Which gets
treated most seriously by the courts?
Why should this be the case? (Think about the law makers and
law enforcers being from the well-off and business classes whilst
the law breakers were often the poorest in society.)
Have a look at your findings. Do you think that the crime fitted
the punishment give? Were people punished according to the crime
'No Bill' prisoners were those for whom not enough
evidence could be found to put them on trial. There was no organised
police force at this time. What might this suggest about law
and order in 1786?
For what crime was capital punishment (death) given? How many
were imprisoned as a punishment? What other punishments were
given out by the court?
A lot of these punishments were carried out in public? Why?
Now that you have looked in detail at this source, what do you
think the purpose of punishment was at this time?
Then take a look at a similar Calendar
from 1836 to see how the nature of punishment changed over
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